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By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Ocean Studies Board, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Board on Energy and Environmental Systems, Marine and Hydrokinetic Energy Technology Assessment Committee

ISBN-10: 0309269997

ISBN-13: 9780309269995

Expanding renewable power improvement, either in the usa and out of the country, has rekindled curiosity within the strength for marine and hydrokinetic (MHK) assets to give a contribution to electrical energy new release. those assets derive from ocean tides, waves, and currents; temperature gradients within the ocean; and free-flowing rivers and streams. One degree of the curiosity within the attainable use of those assets for electrical energy iteration is the expanding variety of allows which were filed with the Federal power Regulatory fee (FERC). As of December 2012, FERC had issued four licenses and eighty four initial allows, up from almost 0 a decade in the past. in spite of the fact that, almost all these allows are for advancements alongside the Mississippi River, and the particular profit learned from all MHK assets is very small. the 1st U.S. advertisement gridconnected undertaking, a tidal venture in Maine with a skill of below 1 megawatt (MW), is at present providing a fragment of that strength to the grid and is because of be totally put in in 2013.

As a part of its evaluation of MHK assets, DOE requested the nationwide study Council (NRC) to supply special reviews. In reaction, the NRC shaped the Committee on Marine Hydrokinetic strength know-how evaluate. As directed in its assertion of activity (SOT), the committee first built an period in-between document, published in June 2011, which serious about the wave and tidal source checks (Appendix B). the present record comprises the committee's assessment of all 5 of the DOE source different types in addition to the committee's reviews at the total MHK source review strategy. This precis makes a speciality of the committee's overarching findings and conclusions relating to a conceptual framework for constructing the source exams, the aggregation of effects right into a unmarried quantity, and the consistency throughout and coordination among the person source checks. opinions of the person source overview, extra dialogue of the sensible MHK source base, and overarching conclusions and proposals are defined in An assessment of the U.S. division of Energy's Marine and Hydrokinetic source Assessment.

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Additional info for An Evaluation of the U.S. Department of Energy's Marine and Hydrokinetic Resource Assessments

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4 MW. 7 MW. • Scenario 2. A developer is interested in building a 100 MW MHK plant. This would be considered the desired practical resource. In this case, 20 percent of the site is unavailable because it is in a Marine Protected Area. After taking into account device efficiency, site coverage, line efficiency, and the practical constraints posed by the use conflict, the site of interest would have to be endowed with a theoretical resource of 2,300 MW. In its funding opportunity announcements (DOE, 2008 and 2009), DOE requested that the assessment groups determine the “maximum practicably extractable energy,” which the committee originally interpreted as equivalent to the practical resource called for in the conceptual framework.

P. French, and B. Smith, Georgia Tech Research Corporation, “Assessment of energy production potential from tidal streams in the United States,” Presentation to the committee on November 15, 2010. 3 K. Haas, Z. M. Fritz, and L. Jiang, Georgia Tech Research Corporation, “Assessment of tidal stream energy potential for the United States,” Presentation to the committee on February 8, 2011. org/, Accessed June 21, 2011. htm, Accessed June 21, 2011. html, Accessed June 21, 2011. S. Neary, K. Stewart, and B.

4 MW. 7 MW. • Scenario 2. A developer is interested in building a 100 MW MHK plant. This would be considered the desired practical resource. In this case, 20 percent of the site is unavailable because it is in a Marine Protected Area. After taking into account device efficiency, site coverage, line efficiency, and the practical constraints posed by the use conflict, the site of interest would have to be endowed with a theoretical resource of 2,300 MW. In its funding opportunity announcements (DOE, 2008 and 2009), DOE requested that the assessment groups determine the “maximum practicably extractable energy,” which the committee originally interpreted as equivalent to the practical resource called for in the conceptual framework.

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An Evaluation of the U.S. Department of Energy's Marine and Hydrokinetic Resource Assessments by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Ocean Studies Board, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Board on Energy and Environmental Systems, Marine and Hydrokinetic Energy Technology Assessment Committee


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