By E. A. Ayandele
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Extra resources for African Historical Studies
Quite often he was reminded that he was before his superiors. 32 The explorers understood the human rights of Africans to assert their independence, preserve the integrity of their fatherland, and demand that aliens or intruders who desired to be welcome must recognize these facts. There was no condemnation of Africans, in the way the scramblers and conquerors were to do later, for behaving in a way in which in similar circumstances white people would behave. Every human community, the explorers realized, has its legitimate moral, social, and political susceptibilities which it behoves outsiders to recognize and respect in order to achieve harmonious relations with the community.
Why should the white man picture Africans as being at enmity with one another for its own sake, asked Mungo Park. Was it not logical that a people—Africans—who were kind to those they had never seen, should even be kinder to each other? ’42 The explorers revealed human understanding of the African in respect of other aspects of human life. Thus the existence of a judicial AFRICAN EXPLORATION 27 system, by no means inferior to what obtained in contemporary European society, was clearly acknowledged, even when the system was not a carbon-copy of the Western European type, or was the product of Islamic religion, or of African traditional religion.
They were fine specimens of human beings resolved to purge themselves of whatever prejudices had been fostered by such literature about the African and his society. They therefore saw the African as human not only in respect of the vices, but also in respect of the virtues, in his community. To this end Africans were seen in some ways as architects of high moral systems, 24 AFRICAN HISTORICAL STUDIES judicial organizations, constitutions, and governments, law and order, which these explorers did not hesitate to compare rationally with European customs and institutions.
African Historical Studies by E. A. Ayandele